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Industry associations

行业协会在民间社会中发挥着许多作用. 它们为分享全球最佳实践提供了一个平台,以维护行业利益和与行业合作的人的利益. 他们制定技术标准和公共政策立场. They provide a forum for debate between members of a particular sector in developing those policy positions. 但是,它们不代表,也不应该代表任何单个成员的观点.

jdb电子夺宝参与的一些协会是特定行业的, 例如澳大利亚矿业委员会(MCA), 从事资源行业的宣传活动,同时提供论坛,以提高行业标准. Some are issue specific, 如气候与能源解决方案中心(C2ES), a US-based organisation that focuses on reducing greenhouse gas emissions and promoting clean energy. We also participate in global associations that seek to advance industry environmental, social and workplace standards, 例如国际采矿和金属理事会(ICMM).

Industry associations perform a number of functions that can lead to better outcomes on policy, practice and standards for the sector. By bringing together the combined technical expertise and experience of members in areas such as safety, health and environment, the ICMM, for example, 在资源部门的可持续发展问题上发挥领导作用. Similarly, the MCA makes an important contribution to Australian industry practice in areas including health and safety, water accounting, land use and workforce diversity.

jdb电子夺宝app长期以来一直认为,积极参与行业协会提供了一个领导机会. jdb电子夺宝app相信通过在协会内工作, we can, with other like-minded members, 寻求对整个行业产生积极影响. This does not mean, however, jdb电子夺宝app将始终认同jdb电子夺宝app所属的每一个行业协会在每一个问题上采取的每一个立场或方法. This is particularly the case where the association’s membership is large and the mandate is broad, covering a wide range of issues.

The role of each member of an association is to articulate its view in a clear and constructive way, 并通过自由公开的辩论来影响协会. 这当然是jdb电子夺宝app对jdb电子夺宝在澳大利亚和全球行业协会中所扮演角色的看法. It is not the role of any association to represent BHP and there are times when our views are not aligned. jdb电子夺宝app一直在审查jdb电子夺宝app与行业协会的结盟和会员资格. jdb电子夺宝app还直接交流自己的观点, through submissions, media commentary, speeches, reports and other engagements.

Finding effective solutions to complex challenges requires a transparent exchange of diverse views. 在jdb电子夺宝,jdb电子夺宝app认为透明度是做出更明智决策的关键. We remain committed to sharing our views.

Our approach to industry associations

  • Changes to our approach

    jdb电子夺宝是世界各地行业协会的成员. We believe associations perform a number of functions that can lead to better outcomes on policy, practice and standards.

    行业协会在公共政策辩论中的作用, 特别是在全球努力应对气候变化的背景下, 近年来,这是一个利益相关者非常感兴趣的领域吗.

    jdb电子夺宝认识到负责任和建设性倡导的重要性,并采取了一系列措施来解决这一问题. 2017年,jdb电子夺宝app发表了第一篇行业协会评论, 该公司试图确定jdb电子夺宝与jdb电子夺宝app协会成员在气候政策方面是否存在“实质性差异”. jdb电子夺宝app在2018年和2019年重复了这一做法. For the latter, jdb电子夺宝app扩大了jdb电子夺宝app的方法,以捕获更多的组织,并提供了一份评估jdb电子夺宝和jdb电子夺宝app的协会成员之间在气候政策上的整体协调程度 .

    jdb电子夺宝app认识到,持份者对行业协会的角色和性质的期望不断变化, particularly in terms of ensuring associations engage proactively and constructively in climate policy debates. Accordingly, 继2019年行业协会评论发表后, jdb电子夺宝app开始了一个过程来理解jdb电子夺宝app如何能做到:

    • Further enhance our overall approach to industry associations to ensure we maximise the value of our memberships; and
    • Take further steps to address investor expectations around climate-related advocacy by industry associations.

    帮助jdb电子夺宝app了解这方面的想法, we engaged on a number of occasions with a broad range of stakeholders from across the world, 包括投资者和投资者ESG组织, civil society groups, 其他跨国公司和行业协会. We used these consultations as a source of insight, and to test and shape key concepts.

    Industry association reforms

    根据jdb电子夺宝app从利益相关者那里听到的,以及jdb电子夺宝app自己对行业协会的公司方法的回顾, jdb电子夺宝app决定采取以下四项新举措.

    • We are publishing our Global Climate Policy Standards. 这是为了更清楚地说明jdb电子夺宝app在气候变化问题上的政策立场应该如何反映在jdb电子夺宝app自己的倡导中,以及jdb电子夺宝app所属的协会的倡导中, globally.
    • jdb电子夺宝app将与jdb电子夺宝app在澳大利亚的成员之一的矿产行业协会合作,要求它们制定并同意一项议定书,在国家和州一级分配倡导责任. The purpose of this would be to define the policy areas on which the associations advocate, 考虑他们的司法管辖责任. jdb电子夺宝app认为,该协议应有助于改善协会内部和成员公司内部的资源配置, and ensure the sector has a consistent, 在气候变化等重要国家问题上发出透明的声音.
    • jdb电子夺宝app将与jdb电子夺宝app在澳大利亚的成员之一的主要协会合作,要求他们各自制定和发布年度宣传计划. 各协会将利用该计划概述来年的政策重点,以及他们打算如何倡导这些重点, 然后在年底审查计划的进展情况. We believe this disclosure will give stakeholders greater confidence on how the associations advocate, 并帮助展示协会如何为其成员提供价值.
    • We are making a number of enhancements to our own disclosures on industry associations. Specifically, we will:
      • Publish annually a list of our material association memberships that hold an active position on climate policy. For each of these associations, we will disclose our membership fees, whether we have a governance role (e.g. if we sit on the Board) and the nature of this role, and our rationale for being a member. jdb电子夺宝app将很快在jdb电子夺宝网站上公布2019年的信息.
      • 如果jdb电子夺宝app确定jdb电子夺宝app的物质协会成员之一已经实质性地偏离了jdb电子夺宝app的全球气候政策标准,则要“实时”披露.

    Implementation

    jdb电子夺宝app将协助澳大利亚作为其成员的主要协会在2020年日历年底前实施议定书和宣传计划模式. 《jdb电子夺宝app》将立即生效, and we will implement our ‘real time’ disclosure arrangements before the end of calendar 2020.

    An internal team will monitor association advocacy in the context of the Global Climate Policy Standards. 如果确定jdb电子夺宝app的物质协会成员之一已经实质性地脱离了全球气候政策标准, we will disclose this on the BHP website. jdb电子夺宝app参与行业协会的原则规定了jdb电子夺宝可以采取的一系列行动,如果jdb电子夺宝app确定一个重大的偏离, 直到并包括退出一个协会. 这一系列的行动与《jdb电子夺宝》中所述的一致。.

    考虑到更大的透明度,上面的增强将提供, we intend to conduct our formal industry association review process on a three-year cycle.

    Conclusion

    jdb电子夺宝app长期以来一直认为,气候变化是一项全球性挑战,需要市场和政策的合作应对. We believe our reforms strengthen our ability to play our part in responding to climate change, while helping to maximise the benefits we receive from our membership of industry associations.

    We thank all stakeholders that shared their perspectives during our recent consultation process.

  • jdb电子夺宝材料行业协会会员
    BHP has committed to disclosing key information relating to its material industry association memberships. 2019年这一信息的披露可以在这里找到 here.
  • Alignment on climate and energy policy

    jdb电子夺宝定期审查其与行业协会在对jdb电子夺宝具有重要意义的问题上采取的气候和能源政策立场的一致性. 下面的部分提供了jdb电子夺宝的审查过程的进一步信息.

     

    2017 industry association review

     

    2017年9月,jdb电子夺宝承诺(2017年12月31日前)发布:

    • a list of the material differences between the positions BHP holds on climate and energy policy, and the advocacy positions on climate and energy policy taken by industry associations to which BHP belongs; and
    • jdb电子夺宝目前对这些行业协会成员的评估结果.

    The report setting out how we met these commitments can be accessed via the link below:

    BHP Industry Association Review (PDF 177 kb)

    2017 industry association review: update

     

    作为行业协会审查的一部分, jdb电子夺宝承诺在2018年3月31日之前决定是否成为美国商会和世界煤炭协会的成员. 有关这些测定的信息可以找到 here.

    2018 industry association review

     

    Our 2017 review identified four material differences between BHP and the Chamber on climate and energy policy. These differences relate to the policy areas of: emissions reduction targets; the Paris Agreement; the goal of restricting global warming to 2°C; and putting a price on carbon.

    In March 2018, we determined that, 因为jdb电子夺宝从会员中获得了更广泛的利益, we would remain a member of the Chamber, subject to a number of actions. 这些行动之一包括经常审查jdb电子夺宝app的分庭成员. We also accepted the invitation of the Chamber to join its Energy and Environment Committee.

    jdb电子夺宝app2018年的审查得出的结论是,美国商会在很大程度上克制了与所确定的差异相关的政策活动或倡导, 符合行业协会原则第三条. Our review also found that BHP continues to receive benefit from the broader activities of the Chamber.

    On April 8, 2019, the Chamber published a new climate change statement. jdb电子夺宝app相信,该声明将加强美国商会对气候变化的态度,并有可能对政策讨论做出建设性贡献.

    Based on the findings of our 2018 review and the Chamber’s new climate change statement, jdb电子夺宝app决定在此期间继续担任该议院的成员, subject to a number of actions. These actions will include: monitoring the Chamber’s ongoing advocacy approach for alignment with its new statement; continuing to expect that the Chamber will refrain from policy activity or advocacy on issues where no broad industry consensus exists; and keeping our membership of the Chamber under review.

    2019 industry association review

     

    该报告概述了jdb电子夺宝2019年行业协会审查的结果和结果,可通过以下链接访问:

    BHP 2019 Industry Association Review (PDF 241 kb)

    An earlier update that BHP published on its 2019 industry association review processes can be found here.

    jdb电子夺宝在新南威尔士州矿业委员会成员的最新情况可在此找到 here.

    jdb电子夺宝加入加拿大矿业协会的最新情况, the United States Chamber of Commerce and the American Petroleum Institute can be found here.

  • Update on Queensland Resources Council
    On the 6th of October, 2020. jdb电子夺宝已通知昆士兰资源委员会(QRC),将暂停其会员资格, effective immediately.

    在此之前,QRC决定在昆士兰州目前的选举活动中,专门针对一个政党的整体地位进行广告宣传.

    jdb电子夺宝已多次向QRC表示反对这种广告方式,并已正式要求QRC撤回这一做法. Unfortunately this has not occurred.

    jdb电子夺宝支持宣传活动,重点关注与资源行业相关的政策问题,以及在该行业工作和依赖该行业的人. QRC多年来为此类政策辩论做出了重要贡献,但目前的竞选活动与这一贡献并不相符.

    jdb电子夺宝别无选择,只能立即暂停其会员资格.
  • Shareholder engagement update 2020

    (英国《jdb电子夺宝》第4条,6个月情况报告)

     

    At the BHP Annual General Meetings (AGMs) held in London and Sydney on 17 October 2019 and 7 November 2019, respectively, 第22号决议(股东请求的一项决议,暂停参与游说、与《jdb电子夺宝》目标不符的行业协会的会员资格)获得了27%的支持.

    Following the AGMs, jdb电子夺宝已就第22号决议的主题事项与股东进行了一系列磋商. This included:

    • In December 2019 the then CEO, Andrew Mackenzie, met with a range of investors, 除一个国家外,所有国家都投票赞成第22号决议. 麦肯齐讨论了jdb电子夺宝对行业协会的态度,并就这些投资者支持该决议的原因获得了直接反馈.
    • In January 2020, BHP provided investors in Sydney, Melbourne, London, 爱丁堡和阿姆斯特丹详细介绍了2019年行业协会审查的结果和结果(2019年12月12日发布).
    • In March 2020, jdb电子夺宝开始了与利益相关者(包括澳大利亚和英国的投资者)的全球参与和对话进程,以探讨公司如何进一步加强其与行业协会的整体合作.

    股东传达的主要信息包括:

    • Investors acknowledged, in a general sense, 行业协会可以在建设成员公司的能力和倡导公共政策辩论方面发挥重要作用.
    • 投资者再次强调,在关键的气候和能源政策立场上,企业与它们所属的行业协会保持一致的重要性. 一些投资者指出,如果一个协会不能在气候和能源政策的某个方面达成共识,它就应该保持沉默. 其他投资者认为,应要求协会积极倡导有利于实现《jdb电子夺宝》目标的政策.
    • Investors were supportive of efforts to provide greater transparency of industry association advocacy. 在这方面,jdb电子夺宝的行业协会审查程序被视为有用.

    jdb电子夺宝将继续与利益相关方合作,探讨公司如何加强与行业协会的整体合作. 有关谘询程序的最新情况,将于适当时候提供.

  • Shareholder engagement update 2021

    At the BHP Annual General Meetings (AGMs) held in Australia and the UK on 14 October 2020 and 15 October 2020, respectively, 第25号决议(股东请求的一项决议,暂停参与与covid -19相关宣传的行业协会的会员资格,这与《jdb电子夺宝》的目标不一致)获得了22%的支持.

    jdb电子夺宝在年度股东大会之前和之后都与投资者进行了接触. 股东传达的主要信息包括:

    • jdb电子夺宝将以建设性的方式影响其行业协会,进一步促进全球能源转型.
    • 确保各协会不利用(或被视为)卫生大流行作为理由,阻碍在实现《jdb电子夺宝》目标方面取得进展,并确保正在考虑的经济复苏措施提供了加速清洁能源创新的独特机会.
    • 对于一个寻求与《jdb电子夺宝》目标不一致的政策变化的联盟来说,仅仅提高围绕失衡的透明度并不能作为继续加入该联盟的充分基础——必须采取切实的行动来推动一致性.

    jdb电子夺宝对其现有流程充满信心, combined with the reforms outlined below, 加强对行业协会宣传的监督, 并将有助于确保公司负责任和建设性倡导的承诺为其所属协会所共享.

    Prior to the 2020 AGMs, jdb电子夺宝宣布了一系列行业协会改革, 包括一套新的全球气候政策标准(适用于jdb电子夺宝的直接倡导,也适用于jdb电子夺宝app作为成员的协会), and disclosure enhancements (e.g. we published a list of material association memberships (including membership fees) on our website).

    Since the AGMs, BHP has continued to work to implement the reforms announced in August 2020. This has included:

    • Working with the minerals sector associations of which BHP is a member in Australia (i.e. the Minerals Council of Australia (MCA), plus 各州矿物行业协会) to develop and agree an advocacy protocol. 该协议描述了关联将倡导的策略领域, 考虑他们的司法管辖责任. A copy of the protocol can be found here.
    • 与jdb电子夺宝在澳大利亚的主要协会(MCA)合作, 各州矿物行业协会, 澳大利亚石油生产和勘探协会(APPEA)和澳大利亚商业理事会(BCA)将制定计划,概述来年的宣传重点和活动. These plans either are now available on the websites of the respective associations (for example, see: APPEA, BCA, and MCA),或在有关协会批准后,很快推出.
    • 实施jdb电子夺宝的新模式,即在jdb电子夺宝网站上“实时”披露与全球气候政策标准不符的材料.

    BHP has also played an active role in shaping the policy advocacy of its industry associations. This has included: working with other members to change the American Petroleum Institute’s position on methane regulation and carbon pricing; working with other members to update the APPEA’s climate change policy principles (which now call for Australia to achieve net zero emissions by 2050); and working with other members to enable the BCA to provide in-principle support for the Climate Change Bill 2020 currently before the Australian Parliament.